To combat disinformation and promote digital literacy, it is evident that the role of education and training must be strengthened.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) reported that just over half of 15-year-olds in the European Union (EU) said they had received instruction on how to recognize biased or subjective information.
Also, according to data from the Eurobarometer, 80% of Europeans believe that fake news is an issue in their country and one-third of eighth graders are reported to be digitally illiterate.
In this context, on October 11, the European Commission released a set of guidelines for educators and trainers on how to tackle disinformation and promote digital literacy.
The guidelines offer practical advice for teachers and educators, including activity ideas and useful tips. They are intended for elementary and secondary educators, regardless of whether they have specialized expertise in digital learning.
The Guidelines and accompanying report are part of the Digital Education Action Plan. They are intended to improve digital literacy and offer useful information regarding disinformation. They provide guidance on how to use digital technology appropriately and how to evaluate students’ digital literacy skills.
The Guidelines offer pedagogical expertise on developing students’ critical thinking abilities to increase their resilience in the digital age and are intended for primary and schoolteachers/educators in different subjects and with different levels of experience and knowledge in the field.
The recommendations address issues such as:
- How can we encourage young people to fact-check information and think critically?
- How can learners understand the various dimensions of disinformation, such as ethical or economic?
- How can we identify deep fakes?
© European Commission