The AI Watch Index provides an analysis of multiple indicators related to the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) around five dimensions:
- Global view of the AI landscape
- Research and development (R&D)
- Societal Aspects
The Index focuses on the European Union (EU) but provides comparison points with the United States (US) and China. It examines the industrial, technological and research capacity in AI, AI-related policy initiatives of EU Member States as well as the uptake and technical developments of AI, and AI impact.
The latest AI Watch Index indicates that the EU has a comparative advantage worldwide in various sophisticated Artificial Intelligence (AI) related sectors while the United States (US) and China continue to lead the field of AI. The report noted that European Union (EU) investment in AI grew by 39% between 2018 and 2019 positioning the EU to exceed the target of €20 billion into AI during this decade. However, this investment did not allow the EU to take over the US and China’s dominance of the sector.
The US leads in AI Services, audio and natural language processing, autonomous robotics, and connected and automated vehicles. On the other hand, China leads in filing new patents and the Chinese AI landscape boasts access to big data fuelling their AI development.
Compared to these countries, the EU leads in AI Services and robotics with the robotics category covering trade in industrial and development of Autonomous robots. These have to be able to interact with both humans and machines and navigate complex settings. Additionally, the EU is also relatively strong in frontier research just behind the US.
© European Commission